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Accent1<div class="ExternalClassD352DF586F1846188D26ADD577BB37C7"><p>​A plant that adds a special interest to an area because of its color, shape, or size.</p></div>
Annual plant2 plant<div class="ExternalClass14C7C84B1A6F4860A9640361EE61E1C5"><p>​A plant that completes its entire life cycle (from germination to the production of seed and demise) within one year.</p></div>
Biennial plant3 plant<div class="ExternalClass725E31231166481CA721897497838FF4"><p>​A flowering plant that takes at least two years to complete its entire lifecycle (from germination to the production of seed and demise).</p></div>
Biodiversity4<div class="ExternalClass5910686C248044639B061A8BCB5C7907"><p>The variety and variability of life on Earth, measured through the variation at the genetic, the species, and ecosystem level.</p></div>
CO<sub>2</sub> emission5<sub>2</sub> emission<div class="ExternalClass6A584A897AD34700AB6E0B0EDB181ACE"><p>​The release of carbon dioxide (CO2) into the air that holds and traps heat in the atmosphere, contributing to climate change</p></div>
Colonial plants6 plants<div class="ExternalClassDF4CBB6A689B4130AFB7C9DEA076C873"><p>Plants that naturally form large groups, growing together in close association. </p></div>
Compost7<div class="ExternalClass670DCC5B6B3547FA85AB213466ACD3B5"><p>Decomposed, recycled organic matter that is used to improve soil. </p></div>
Cover crops8 crops<div class="ExternalClassB89A955ACC4C429F9D4E9300230733AD"><p>Also called ‘green manure’. Plants that can be used to protect the soil from erosion and nutrient loss. They are also helpful in building soil structure, adding organic matter, and suppressing weed growth. Examples include buckwheat, crimson clover and winter rye.</p></div>
De-thatching10<div class="ExternalClass20A5B6ABEB8449B98298F31312A3BCA2"><p>The act of removing the dead layer of turf grass.</p></div>
Deciduous trees 9 trees <div class="ExternalClassCEC8DA0364A644C1B9982CB92DE89B05"><p>​In the Metro Vancouver region, trees that drop all of their leaves in winter.</p></div>
Dormant11<div class="ExternalClassD05B8AF0CF2F41CF8CC854460AE39DA8"><p><span lang="EN">A</span><span lang="EN"> period of time when a plant’s growth and development are temporarily stopped. For example, </span><span lang="EN-US">during extended cold or dry periods.</span><br></p></div>
Drip irrigation system12 irrigation system<div class="ExternalClassF34BF84EE86443D087690E7CD485443C"><p>An efficient method of irrigating plants where water is applied slowly and directly to the plant's root system (aim for right place, right time, and right amount).</p></div>
Drought resistant/tolerant13 resistant/tolerant<div class="ExternalClassA35D5ABAD2AA43058C8B0E5630D52F51"><p>Plants that can live without normal amounts of moisture for extended periods of time.</p></div>
Ecosystem14<div class="ExternalClassDA96753CED644D799596C8733A20FB01"><p>A community of living organisms and nonliving components (such as air, water, and mineral soil), interacting as a system.</p></div>
Evaporation15<div class="ExternalClassC6E30D97F4AC4F1EA3DCA9ED5B537B15"><p>The process of liquid turning into vapor/gas.<br></p></div>
Evergreen trees16 trees<div class="ExternalClassDDB0BB293EEB45A6A06217E25D5672D5"><p>Trees that bear leaves throughout the year. Evergreens include most cone-bearing trees and some broad-leaved trees.<br></p></div>
Fertilizer17<div class="ExternalClass8C2FAB31998E403CB116FBD37542059E"><p>A material (natural or synthetic) that is applied to soils or plants to supply plant nutrients essential to plant growth and development.</p></div>
Foliage18<div class="ExternalClass06BFB059E54E40678C2AD62133B010AD"><p>The leafy parts of a plant</p></div>
Grey water19 water<div class="ExternalClass9ADD6E3D910B47DC9486F97DCEE683C8"><p>Wastewater that is generated in households or office buildings from bathroom sinks, showers, washing machines etc.</p></div>
Ground cover20 cover<div class="ExternalClass1BC6686ECDEB43ECA9DFEA2DD8AB51FB"><p>A low lying plant or group of plants that grows over an area of ground.<br></p></div>
Growing medium21 medium<div class="ExternalClass828FC098D2FF4EF6AF81B178291183D2"><p>The material that your plants grow in that supplies roots with nutrients, air and water, allows for root growth, and physically supports the plant. <br></p></div>
Habitat22<div class="ExternalClassDEC8B05EF469414899334BE686E12D7E"><p>The place where plants and animals tend to grow, live, and reproduce. <br></p></div>
Hardiness23<div class="ExternalClass2776E4F385AA49CF8E7144ABAC013D06"><p>Usually describes tolerance to cold temperatures (i.e., cold hardiness), but the term is also used to describe resilience with respect to harsh or extreme conditions in general.</p></div>
Herbaceous24<div class="ExternalClass283B2A48D0044F65B970FB92E62A9F84"><p>Plants in which the stems do not become woody.</p></div>
Invasive species25 species<div class="ExternalClassD70701DD626B463D86D008B5E408372B"><div><p><span lang="EN-US"></span><span lang="EN-US">Introduced non-native plants and animals which have been introduced to an area without the predators and pathogens that would help keep them in check in their native habitats.</span><br></p></div></div>
Irrigation26<div class="ExternalClass8BB2A559A2154ECEAD64C85148E4E45B"><p>The supply of water to land by artificial means to assist in the production of crops, gardens, or landscapes.<br></p></div>
Limed (soil)27 (soil)<div class="ExternalClass851CE68C14884B618D31ED1BE9BC237D"><p>When calcium-magnesium carbonate (dolomite) is added to the soil to reduce acidity.</p></div>
Mass planting28 planting<div class="ExternalClassF4D6514014F745649733C852DBBCBA2D"><p>A large number of the same plant grown in a large grouping.<br></p></div>
Microscopic fauna29 fauna<div class="ExternalClass616DA59686AA4F1CA7B2416EF09B8909"><p>Very small animals that are visible only with a microscope.<br></p></div>
Mulch30<div class="ExternalClassD0B5837A0883439AAD11F55804362F61"><p>A material (such as decaying leaves, bark, or compost) that is applied around or over the roots of a plant to enrich or insulate the soil.</p></div>
Native plants31 plants<div class="ExternalClass727DA5B2A60246BDB974B9AD6EA59260"><p>A plant that occurs naturally in a particular region, ecosystem, or habitat, usually defined as having occurred prior to European contact. Plants noted as native on Grow Green are native to the Metro Vancouver area.</p></div>
Naturalize32<div class="ExternalClass8E3294D62A6D49D6A87DA8C7A876268C"><p>Plants that are able to grow on their own and produce a new generation without human assistance (such as watering, fertilizing, dividing, and pest control).</p></div>
Nitrogen (soil) (N)33 (soil) (N)<div class="ExternalClass90206F9F308F4075B7BA0998AD13BE18"><p><span lang="EN-US">An essential nutrient for plant growth and development. Together with potassium (K) and phosphorus (P), the three elements (N, P, and K) are known as macronutrients because they are required by plants in the greatest amounts.</span><br></p></div>
Non-invasive34<div class="ExternalClassBF4AA1D57A9B4B3EA45D2432A64BD854"><p>Native or non-native plants and animals that will not cause negative impacts on our economy, environment, or health.</p></div>
On-standard35<div class="ExternalClassD84586A99C3C404B8A1695B214E1868E"><p>When a plant has been pruned to a single stem with branching starting 75 - 90cm above soil.<br></p></div>
Organic matter (soil)36 matter (soil)<div class="ExternalClass8E170A58165446078AE6D6B18B15D40E"><p>A component of soil consisting of carbon compounds that come from plant and animal residues at various stages of decomposition.<br></p></div>
Ornamental grass (not turf grass)37 grass (not turf grass)<div class="ExternalClass7764A65240BD438793F50314FA2986A4"><p>A grass plant grown for its attractive appearance.</p></div>
Perennial plant38 plant<div class="ExternalClass540C124E12874DA1883074D49B46DF7B"><p>A plant that normally lives for more than two years and that does not die after flowering.</p></div>
Pesticides39<div class="ExternalClassF34AEABF9EE64D0F9D863ABA15B4BB3A"><p>A synthetic substance used for killing insects, plants, and diseases that are harmful to plants and crop production. <br></p></div>
Phosphorus (soil) (P)40 (soil) (P)<div class="ExternalClassF186C54887374141925640DD6EA2771F"><p>An essential nutrient for plant growth and development. Together with potassium (K) and nitrogen (N), the three elements (P, K, and N) are known as macronutrients because they are required by plants in the greatest amounts.</p></div>
Plugs41<div class="ExternalClassBEB4E964D23B415B9837F9C4DFB3B98B"><p>Small-sized seedlings or cuttings grown in trays.</p></div>
Pollinator42<div class="ExternalClassB8B76AE4DB644592A87D57056E580E49"><p>An animal that transfers pollen from one flower to the pollen-receiving parts of another flower.</p></div>
Potassium (soil) (K)43 (soil) (K)<div class="ExternalClassA469EE2CE57C42B994701B9AED21B989"><p>An essential nutrient for plant growth and development. Together with phosphorus (P) and nitrogen (N), the three elements (K, P, and N) are known as macronutrients because they are required by plants in the greatest amounts.</p></div>
Rain garden44 garden<div class="ExternalClassAA850DB6CA6B4C47BEE4AF8102E961FA"><p>Landscape features that are designed to capture storm water runoff from hard surface areas such as roofs, roads, and parking lots.</p></div>
Rainwater absorption45 absorption<div class="ExternalClass35023C0CF99942E9BC60B930C81BCFB7"><p>A process by which rainwater is taken in or soaked up by a material on the Earth's surface (such as soil, grass, or trees). <br></p></div>
Roof gutter downspouts46 gutter downspouts<div class="ExternalClass3065F2C602184E88B796C5151DA9DFEE"><p>A vertical pipe used to drain rainwater from the roof of a building. <br></p></div>
Semi-evergreen trees47 trees<div class="ExternalClassDDFEB1185F1847CE986A59F7AE8DEE9D"><p>A plant that only retains its leaves over the winter when temperatures are not extreme.</p></div>
Soil moisture48 moisture<div class="ExternalClassDC593000E30F4FFB94351C4740C50EAB"><p>The quantity of water contained within the soil.</p></div>
Soil pH49 pH<div class="ExternalClassE4AD179FC76D44558C7641DD8ACFE25B"><p>A measure of the acidity and alkalinity in soils. pH levels range from 0 to 14, with 7 being neutral, below 7 acidic, and above 7 alkaline. The optimal pH range for most plants is between 5.5 and 7.0; however, many plants have adapted to thrive at pH values outside this range. Soils in the Metro Vancouver area tend to be slightly more acidic naturally.</p></div>
Specimen50<div class="ExternalClass3291DC8373AC45528A3BFB24004CD109"><p>Plants grown by themselves, usually, in a lawn or garden, for ornamental effect, rather than being massed with others as are bedding plants, hedge plants, or edging plants.</p></div>

Metro Vancouver in collaboration with UBC Botanical Garden